Swiss Ball

History of the Swiss Ball
The use of stability balls originated in rehabilitation. As early as the 1900’s, physical therapists have been using balls in addressing the neurological disorders of their patients was developed in 1963 by Aquilino Casani, an Italian plastic manufacturer. He perfected a process for molding large puncture-resistant plastic balls. Those balls, then known as “Pezzi balls”, were first used in treatment programs for newborns and infants by Mary Quinton, a British physiotherapist working in Switzerland. Later, Dr. Susanne Klein-Vogelbach, the director at the Physical Therapy School in Basel, Switzerland, integrated the use of ball exercise as physical therapy for neuro-developmental treatment. Based on the concept of “functional kinetics” Klein-Vogelbach advocated the use of ball techniques to treat adults with orthopaedic or medical problems. The term “Swiss Ball” was used when American physical therapists began to use those techniques in North America after witnessing their benefits in Switzerland. From their development as physical therapy in a clinical setting, those exercises are now used in athletic training,as part of a general fitness routine and incorporation in alternative exercises such as yoga and Pilates.

Benefits of the Swiss ball
The challenge posed by the ball is to maintain balance. As one aims to get the proper balance, the alignment of the body parts is also improved.
The exercise ball a great tool to improve the strength of the abs and the lower-back. Because it is a little unstable and you must constantly adjust to remain balanced, use of the stability ball improves the functional strength, balance and flexibility of the body. Using free weight with the ball as a bench is great for all those stabilizer muscles.

Proper Alignment
Using the ball during training will utilize many additional muscles to maintain stability and balance/ The dynamic movements during exercise will improve the natural motor reflexes of the body as different muscles are utilized in movement, especially the ones that are not usually used. The challenge posed by the ball is to maintain balance. As one aims to get the proper balance, the alignment of the body parts is also improved.

Core Strength
For people working out to achieve great abs, this ball can definitely target the abdominal areas. The abs and the back muscles are simultaneously worked.

Muscle Strength and Endurance
The stability ball can help in alleviating back pain and preventing pain in the future. As all the major muscle groups are exercised, tone, strength and endurance are improved. Flexibility and balance are improved.

Core Stability
The major muscles that helps stabilize and support all of your body movements are made up of the back and the deep abdominal muscles. With the ball, no matter how ‘deep’ or ‘into the core’ these muscles are, they are still exercised. This is something only the ball can guarantee.

Stretching
The ball is a good companion during stretching exercises. With this, you can easily move into and move out of different stretching positions.

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